Colon Cancer: Most Popular Articles
Passing excessive gas is not only socially embarrassing, it can be uncomfortable. Although it is one of the signs of colon cancer, the excess flatulence may be a byproduct of your diet and lifestyle.
Colon cancer symptoms can run the gamut from local, such as blood in the stool and constipation, to systemic, such as weight loss and fatigue. Learn about the many different colon cancer symptoms and what you can do to take control of your health if you think you are experiencing them.
Understanding what causes blood in stools will help you gain control of your health and move forward to get to the bottom of this symptom.
Blood in the stool is not a normal finding, and can be quite a scary experience. Learn about the causes, treatment and diagnosis of blood in the stool.
Learn about the symptoms related to colon cancer, including bowel habit or appetite changes, nausea, bloody stools and abdominal pain.
If you have thin stools, a possible sign of colon cancer, talk to your doctor so you can get to the bottom of this symptom.
Colon polyps come in several types, which have various shapes and sizes. Learn about the different types of colon polyps so you know whether they increase your risk of colon cancer.
Bowel habit changes, such as thin or ribbon-like stools, may be a symptom of advanced colon cancer. Learn more about the causes of this symptom and how to recognize and report bowel habit changes.
Bowel movement changes can be one of the symptoms of colon cancer, so don't ignore them if they last for more than a few weeks.
Formerly known as Duke's D colon cancer, stage 4 colon cancer is the most advanced cancer stage. In general, stage 4 colon cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes and other parts of the body. In general, approximately 8-15% of people with stage 4 colon cancer are still alive five years after their diagnosis.
A pattern of gas and bloating may be an indication that a tumor is growing in the colon and occasionally causing a blockage. While the bowel is blocked and air is trapped, bloating occurs. When the blockage resolves itself, all that back-logged air makes a swift and unapologetic exit in the form of flatulence.
Diarrhea can be a symptom of colon cancer, so if you regularly experience diarrhea with no apparent cause, talk to your doctor right away.
Interested in what causes colon cancer? Here you'll learn about fifteen things that either cause colon cancer or contribute to its development. Research has shown that alcohol, red meat, smoking, and genetics may all cause colon cancer.
If you regularly suffer from abdominal bloating and gas, schedule an appointment with your doctor, because this can be a symptom of colon cancer.
The right foods will safely cleanse your colon, so you can skip the potentially harmful herbal and colonic irrigation colon cleanses.
Stage 3 tumors are divided into three groups, least advanced to most advanced. When discovered at stage 3, colon cancer has reached the middle layers of the colon and spread to as many as three nearby lymph nodes.
Although it's the least common type of colon cancer, it may be the hardest to diagnose. Learn more about the signs, symptoms and treatment of this disease.
Iron deficiency anemia can be a side effect of some cancer treatments, but the right foods and good nutrition can help you manage iron deficiency anemia.
Stomach cramps can be a sign of colon cancer, but they are also indicative of many other, less-serious conditions. Learn more about this symptom to make the most of your doctor's appointment.
Did you know that after a colonoscopy, you're supposed to restrict certain activities, watch out for certain symptoms, and avoid taking some medications if you've had a polyp removed? This article provides general information about what you may be asked to do after a colonoscopy.
The purpose of the colon cancer survival rates presented here is to help settle your mind, to give you a number. It's important to remember that these colon cancer survival rates are generalizations and your individual chances of survival may be quite different.
Virtually all colon cancer develops from adenomatous polyps in the colon, generally referred to simply as colon polyps. Although polyps don't always become cancerous, a personal or family history of polyps puts you at higher risk for colon cancer.
An adenoma is a benign tumor that develops from epithelial tissue. Adenomas in the colon are often referred to as adenomatous polyps. Although adenomas aren't cancerous, they have the potential to become cancerous. Colon cancer screening helps identify and remove adenomas before they become a problem.
The cecum marks the beginning of the large intestine and is basically a big pouch that receives waste material from the small intestine.
This gallery of polyp illustrations is designed to let you see what polyps look like and how big they are in real life. Looking at them this way helps demonstrate why you can't count on noticing that a polyp is present.
One possible side effect of cancer treatment is mouth sores. Eating the right foods can help you get the nutrition you need, even when you have a sore mouth.
Symptoms of many bowel disorders are very similar to those of colon cancer. However, there are a number of things that can cause bowel problems, and most are treatable.
Determining the colon cancer stage is an important part of choosing an appropriate treatment. The following breakdown should help clarify the basics of each colon cancer stage.
Constipation can be a symptom of colon cancer, so if you regularly experience constipation, talk to your doctor right away.
The colonoscopy bowel prep may be the most dreaded part of this vital screening exam. Learn how to mitigate the discomfort, what the prep entails and breeze through your bowel prep.
I am 17 years old, relatively active, and more often than not I am strictly eating vegetables. Starting this week, I noticed bright red blood in my stool. Not a whole lot, but just in one part of the poop. The minute I noticed it, I became very concerned that it could be colon cancer. But, I realize that this is one possibility among some others.
Eating right really can be make colon cancer prevention, and reducing recurrence risk, a reality.
Following your colonoscopy, you may be frightened to learn that you have polyps in your colon. Learn more about what these polyps mean and how to decrease your risk of colon cancer in the future.
Definition of Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration.
Making the leap from symptoms or a family history to a diagnosis requires tests to verify the presence of cancerous cells.
Did you know that you don't just go get a colonoscopy? You need to prepare your colon first. This article provides general information about proper colonoscopy preparation (colonoscopy prep).
Definition of neutrophils. Colon Cancer.
Following a few simple diet tips will help you eat well and get the nutrition you need after colostomy surgery.
The signs and symptoms of colon cancer are a collection of vague gastrointestinal symptoms, which can include gas and bloating. Pay attention to your gastrointestinal distress signals – this is how your body notifies you that something is amiss in your digestive tract.
Hematochezia (the passage of bright red, bloody stools) usually indicates the large intestine is bleeding somewhere. The most common causes of hematochezia are diverticulitis and hemorrhoids. However, hematochezia can also be a symptom of colon cancer.
Know what to expect and how to prepare for your upcoming colonoscopy.
A colon cleanse might sound like a good idea, but be sure to read the fine print before you sign up for this unproven and potentially harmful procedure.
Understanding the signs and symptoms of colon cancer.
Getting a colon cancer diagnosis can sound like scary stuff, but by educating yourself on the process of diagnosis, you can make sure you get the colon cancer screening you need to keep yourself healthy.
If you dread the idea of colon cancer screening, educating yourself on what to expect will relieve your anxiety and help you take control of your health.
Many of us wouldn't want to question unexplained weight loss. We'd just be happy to be losing weight! But unfortunately, effortless weight loss is generally a sign that something is wrong. In the case of colon cancer, unexplained weight loss can be a sign that a tumor is present.
Malignant tumors are ambitious. Unlike benign tumors that generally stay put, malignant tumors have two goals in life: to survive and to conquer new territory.
When signs of colon cancer appear, it's often an indication that the disease is in later stages. If you are experiencing any signs of colon cancer, please seek medical care.
Definition of mean corpuscular hemoglobin.
A colon polyp is an abnormal growth in the lining of your colon. There are many different types of polyps, but only 10 percent of them will grow into colon cancer. Learn more about the types of polyps, the risk for colon cancer and how they are treated.
Preparing for colonoscopy exams doesn't have to be a scary experience. With proper preparation, you can know you're getting the most accurate colonoscopy examination possible.
Definition of hemoglobin. Colon Cancer.
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common, and yet preventable, cancers. To help protect yourself and your loved ones from the disease, follow these ten colon cancer prevention tips.
Stage 2 colon cancer used to be called Duke's B colon cancer. Stage 2 tumors are divided into two groups: one that's less advanced and one that's more advanced. The less advanced one is called stage 2A (or Duke's B1) and the more advanced is stage 2B (or Duke's B2).
Survivors of colon cancer face the chance of a recurrence. Learn about the statistics, symptoms and treatment of colon cancer recurrence.
Definition of mean corpuscular volume.
The definitive test for colon cancer is a colon biopsy. Learn how this exam is performed, why your doctor ordered it, and what will happen during your procedure.
Tumor markers are an invaluable tool in monitoring colon cancer, but they are not infallible. Learn more about CEA and other blood tests used to watch for tumor growth, metastasis and a recurrence of colon cancer.
A colon biopsy is the removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluid from the colon. No colon cancer diagnosis is final until the tissue sample from your colon is analyzed in a laboratory and found to contain cancer cells.
Definition of thrombocyte. Colon Cancer.
Learn how to prepare and what to expect two days before your colon cancer screening exam.
Colon Cancer is a type of cancer that many people fear, but learning about this disease can help you take control of your health.
Nausea and vomiting can be caused by many things, such as motion sickness or an unpleasant smell. However, nausea and vomiting can also be symptoms of something serious, such as colon cancer.
This is an illustration of a large colon polyp with a diameter of 3.00 centimeters.
Did you know that hemorrhoids can be internal or external? Get a thorough defnition of hemorrhoids here.
Dealing with a stage 4 colon cancer diagnosis is a challenge. If you've been diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer, you can take steps to help yourself handle this difficult news. Knowing how to take care of your needs will help you deal with stage 4 colon cancer. You can make good choices about what type of cancer care is best for you.
Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of colon cancer but there are many other forms as well. Examples include leiomyosarcoma, lymphoma, melanoma, and neuroendocrine tumors. Here, you can learn more about each type of colon cancer.
Scientists think that the presence of mucus allows cancer cells to spread faster. As a result, mucinous adenocarcinomas are considered more aggressive than regular adenocarcinomas and are harder to successfully treat. Mucinous adenocarcinomas account for about 10-15 percent of all adenocarcinomas.
Learn what happens from the biopsy of your colon cancer through the staging process.
Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of colorectal cancer. Learn what "adenocarcinoma" means, where it comes from, what its subtypes are, and more.
This definition of basophils goes into its characteristics and functions. This is important to know when regarding your body's protection from diseases.
This is an illustration of a large colon polyp with a diameter of 2.50 centimeters.
A bowel perforation is one of the rare risks of some colon screening exams, such as the colonoscopy. Learn the symptoms and treatment of this potentially life-threatening complication.
You may be exposed to many different diets before and after your bowel surgery. These diets allow your digestive tract to heal while providing adequate nutrition. Learn more about the clear liquid diet, soft digestive diet, and how they can help alleviate surgical pain, gas and bloating.
If you've had colectomy surgery, these tips will help you eat well and keep symptoms and side effects from the surgery to a minimum.
This is a diagram of the cecum.
Definition of mean platelet volume.
Imagine that you put one end of a hose in your mouth and kept threading it through until it came out of your butt. That's more or less what the alimentary canal is.
Definition of false positive. Colon Cancer.
This is an illustration of a colon polyp with a diameter of 2.00 centimeters.
Learn more about how colon cancer is treated including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and target therapies.
Dysplasia is a general term for the abnormal growth or development of cells or organs. As it relates to colon cancer, dysplasia is the abnormal growth and development of colon cells. Dysplasia of colon cells is common in ulcerative colitis and can lead to colon cancer.
A large bowel obstruction is a potential complication of advanced cancers of the colon, ovaries or stomach. Learn more about the symptoms, treatment and risks of this blockage.
A benign tumor is basically a tumor that doesn't come back and doesn't spread to other parts of the body. In general, benign tumors grow more slowly than malignant tumors and are less likely to cause health problems.
Learn what to expect on the day before your colon cancer screening exam.
Colon cancer staging is the process health professionals use to determine where the cancer went when no one was looking. Cancer staging is an important part of choosing an appropriate treatment.
The main function of the large intestine is to transport waste out of the body and to absorb water from the waste before it leaves. The large intestine connects with the small intestine to the north and freedom (open air) to the south.
Colon surgery is the most common treatment for colon cancer. In ideal situations, a doctor can use a colonoscope to remove the cancer. Most of the time however, colon surgery (usually a resection) is required.
This is an illustration of a colon polyp with a diameter of 1.75 centimeters.
PET scans are frequently used to diagnose organ-specific diseases, such as problems in the heart or brain, and to find cancer (metastasis or recurrence) at the cellular level. Learn more about this non-invasive test and find out what to expect on test day.
High C reactive protein levels in the blood signal excessive inflammation in the body. Learn the steps you can take to reduce inflammation, which in turn may lower colon cancer risk.
Colonoscopy tests can seem scary, but if you know what to expect before and during the test, it will help ease the fear and anxiety you may be feeling.
Stage 1 colon cancer, which used to be called Duke's A colon cancer, is one of the earliest and most-treatable cancer stages. When interrupted at stage 1, colon cancer hasn't gotten very far. In general, more than 90 percent of people with stage 1 colon cancer are still alive five years after their diagnosis.
The main components of the large intestine include the cecum, appendix, colon, rectum, anus, and anal canal. The main function of the large intestine is to transport waste out of the body and to absorb water from the waste before it leaves.
So, you've heard ad nauseam how great colonoscopies are at preventing colon cancer. But your skeptical side (perhaps egged on by the child in you who insists you don't need screening) says there must be more to the story. Here are some facts to help you decide if the colonoscopy risks are worth the benefits.
Colorectal cancers will spread to the liver in about half of the people diagnosed with advanced disease. Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this disease.
A detailed description of chemotherapy for colon cancer. Learn more about the types of chemotherapy, how it is administered, the side effects and what to expect during your treatment cycles.
Learn what to expect and how to prepare for colon cancer screening during the week before your scheduled examination.
The rectum is about eight inches long and serves, basically, as a warehouse for poop. It receives waste material from the colon and stores it until you defecate.
This is an illustration of a small colon polyp with a diameter of 0.25 centimeters.
Eating the right foods can help keep nausea under control during cancer care.
Colon cancer staging takes place after an initial diagnosis of colon cancer. Your doctor may perform additional tests or surgery to determine the extent, or stage of your disease.
Many people mistakenly think that no health insurance equals no colonoscopy screening for colon cancer. Many organizations help provide low and no-cost screening. Learn if you qualify for this wellness exam.
Learn what to expect on the day of your colon cancer screening examination.
Bowel surgery for colon cancer will have physical and emotional impacts. Learn more about what to expect following surgery and how to help your body heal and recover.
Colon biopsy is a phrase that can strike fear in the toughest among us. A colon biopsy may seem like a scary proposition, but learning about what to expect during a colon biopsy can ease your fear and help you take charge of your health.
When we think we know what's causing our stomach cramps, we tend to sit tight and wait for them to pass. That often works, but it's important to realize that stomach cramps can also be a symptom of colon cancer.
You've just had your first colonoscopy. Although you are cancer-free, your doctor found diverticulosis. Learn more about the causes, treatment and complications of this benign bowel disease.
This is an illustration of a small colon polyp with a diameter of 0.50 centimeters.
Walking out of the doctor's office with a new cancer diagnosis can change your perception in life. Don't do anything rash or life-altering during this time, as you might regret your decisions later.
This is an illustration of a colon polyp with a diameter of one centimeter.
This is an illustration of a large colon polyp with a diameter of 2.25 centimeters.
This is an illustration of a large colon polyp with a diameter of 2.75 centimeters.
There are five common colon cancer tests: colonoscopy, virtual colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, barium enema, and stool testing. Each has benefits and drawbacks, so it's best to ask your doctor which colon cancer test is appropriate for you. In the meantime, however, here's an overview of the most common types of colon cancer tests.
The purpose of the rectal cancer survival rates presented here is to help settle your mind, to give you a number. It's important to remember that the rectal cancer survival rates presented here are generalizations and your individual chances of survival may be quite different.
Hypovolemia basically means low blood volume. "Hypo" means low, "vol" is for volume, and "emia" refers to blood. Symptoms of hypovolemia may include cold hands and feet, light headedness, infrequent urination, increased heart rate, and weakness.
When most people think of malignant melanoma, the first thing that comes to mind is skin cancer. But malignant melanoma can occur in a lot of places, including the colon and rectum.
What is c reactive protein? Should you have your c reactive protein levels checked? Get the facts on c reactive protein so you can make smart decisions about your health.
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is a test that is used to screen for colon cancer. You can learn what to expect before and during the flexible sigmoidoscopy test.
Rectal cancer is a form of cancer in the large intestine. It's sometimes referred to as colorectal cancer and is highly treatable if caught early. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of rectal cancer here.
The appendix is narrow, dead-end tube about three-to-four inches long that hangs off of the cecum. Although it's commonly referred to as the "appendix," the real name for it is "vermiform appendix."
Our bodies are made up of billions of cells that grow, divide, and then die in a predictable manner. Cancer occurs when something goes wrong with this system, causing uncontrolled cell division and growth. Cancer cells lump together and form a mass of extra tissue, also known as a cancerous tumor. When cancer cells are present in the colon, it's referred to as colon cancer.
The rectum is about eight inches long and serves, basically, as a warehouse for poop. It receives waste material from the colon and stores it until you defecate.
Does eating meat cause colon cancer? Get the facts so you can make smart choices for better health.
If you've ever wondered what carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is, you've come to the right place. You can master the facts about carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and learn how it's used during colon cancer care.
Katie's personal story shows how colon cancer in women is nothing to ignore. Katie shares her story about colon cancer to help others avoid her experience.
Take the first step to keep your colon healthy by learning more about its basic anatomy, layers and functions.
This is an illustration of a large colon polyp with a diameter of 0.75 centimeters.
Approximately 47 million Americans are uninsured and many assume they can't afford colon cancer screening. Some tests aren't as expensive as you might expect; the cost of others may surprise you. If paying for a test isn't feasible, financial help may be available from these state and local resources.
Definition of macrophages. Colon Cancer.
Definition of eosinophils. Colon Cancer.
Your doctor was telling the truth: You should not eat undercooked foods or raw dairy during chemotherapy. But do you know why? Learn how to protect your immune system during cancer treatment.
This is an illustration of a small colon polyp with a diameter of 1.50 centimeters.
Cancer cells reproduce but they don't die. They're sort of like evil immortals. The body just can't kill them no matter how hard it tries. When these immortals set up shop in the colon, it's referred to as colon cancer.
Lynch syndrome or hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) increases the risk of developing colon and other cancers.
Carcinoid tumors are more likely to occur in the rectum than in the colon and don't usually spread to other parts of the body. Carcinoid tumors account for less than one percent of all colorectal cancers.
This is a diagram of the colon.
Overview of the colon cancer five-year survival rates by stage. Learn what the numbers mean, how they are used, and how they apply to you.
This diagram highlights the mucosa of the colon.
Definition of false negative. Colon Cancer.
This is an illustration of a colon polyp with a diameter of 1.25 centimeters.
Stage 0 colon cancer is the earliest stage possible and is also called carcinoma in situ. "Carcinoma" refers to cancer that starts in epithelial tissue and "in situ" means original position or place. Colon cancer is considered stage 0 when it hasn't moved from where it started; it's still restricted to the innermost lining of the colon.
A lot of factors influence the survival rate of people who have stage 4 melanoma of the colon and rectum. For example, tumor size, thickness, and stage all impact stage 4 melanoma survival rates.
Constipation is a very uncomfortable symptom, not a diagnosis. Learn about the causes, treatments, and when to speak to your doctor about constipation. Although diarrhea is more common, constipation can also be a vague symptom of colon cancer.
Aggressive neuroendocrine tumors of the colon and rectum account for about four percent of all colorectal cancers. The average age at diagnosis is 65, and they seem to favor the right (ascending) colon.
I'm 19 years old and fairly active. I've noticed that for more than a week, on and off, I've had narrow stool. I've read that narrow stool can be a symptom of colon cancer. Can you give me advice about how narrow "narrow" stool is?
These stage 4 melanoma survival statistics were derived from a study published in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. Researchers analyzed data from approximately 15,000 patients treated for stage 4 melanoma at the John Wayne Cancer Institute between 1971 and 1993.
A heartbreaking story illustrating the importance of early detection and removal of colon cancer.
Rectal bleeding can herald colon cancer, but occasionally you may find some blood on the tissue if you have a rectal prolapse.
Definition of monocytes. Colon Cancer.